Birokrasi / Bureaucracy

Better e-government system integration through Enterprise Service Bus (ESB)

According to the Wikipedia, an enterprise service bus (ESB) implements a communication system between mutually interacting software applications in a service-oriented architecture (SOA). In other words, it allows communication and data sharing among several heterogenous application and database platforms through a common protocol. In a company that each of its department has their own information 

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Brief introduction to the Indonesian Civil Service

The Indonesian civil service is the set of civil servants (Indonesian: Pegawai Negeri Sipil) working for government of Indonesia, either working in the central government (such as ministries, agencies) or in a local provincial/regencies/city government. Their function is either to handle government administration or to support public services such as in education, health and defense. 

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